For growing Marijuana, a hydroponics set up is an attractive way to go to ensure a bud that is of the highest quality. In contrast to the traditional methods for growing Cannabis, a hydroponics set up can be used to fit into any space and produces plants quickly. It also allows growers to accurately control what type and level of nutrients the plants receive. This can yield more potent buds that are healthier and bigger.
How to create a hydroponics set up
This is a complex system to develop and lots of research should be undertaken before doing so. Some tips include:
• Supporting plants – Marijuana plants grown using hydroponics do not have the same amount of support as those grown in soil and so can easily break. One solution to this is by using trellising to provide them with help and support to grow in the desired direction.
• Sterilizing equipment – If brand new equipment is being used then this is not so much of a concern. However, if second hand equipment is being used then it is highly important to sterilize it so that hazardous pathogens do not grow and destroy the Cannabis crop.
• Knowing nutrients – Just like any other plant, Marijuana too requires some certain nutrients in order to help it grow healthily. The main nutrients that all plants need are Phosphorus, Potassium, and Nitrogen. Other additional nutrients include Calcium, Iron, Zinc, Boron, Sulfur, Magnesium, and copper. Nutrient solutions for hydroponics set ups come in either powder form or pre mixed and provide all the main and additional nutrients. These nutrients can be delivered to Marijuana plants via nutrient film techniques or clay pellets. Nutrient film techniques work by dissolving the nutrients via a shallow stream that goes straight to the plants roots. Clay pellets work by oxygenating the water, which helps to improve the absorption of the nutrients. Both methods increase the speed at which the Cannabis crop grows.
• Watching the water – Water acts as the vessel that carries the vital nutrients to the Marijuana plants so closely monitoring it will enable maximum yields to be reached. Important measurements that should be looked at, at least twice a day, are electrical conductivity and pH, as well as temperature. Electrical conductivity measures how rich in minerals the water is, and for Marijuana plants should be anywhere between 0.8 – 2.0. This is done using an EC probe. The pH levels that are perfect for growing Marijuana plants range from anywhere between 5.5 – 7. This is done using a litmus strip. Maintaining a water temperature of around 65 Fahrenheit provides optimal nutrient absorption levels and stops algae from growing.
• Using lights – Getting the right lights for a hydroponics set up is entirely dependent on budget, space, and the distance they will be from the Cannabis plants. Ideally the lights used should produce anything between 400 – 700 nanometers. This can be measured using a light meter. The types of lights usually used include Light Emitting Diodes, which are good for small areas; High Intensity Discharge Lights, which are good for large areas with good ventilation; and Compact Fluorescent Lights, which are good for small areas and are inexpensive.
• Monitoring air flow and humidity – The humidity needs of Marijuana plants changes with their stage of growth. Plants that are younger require anything between 60 – 70 percent humidity, whereas Cannabis plants that are blooming require levels of humidity of about 40 percent. The level of humidity in the air can be adjusted via the use of either a dehumidifier or humidifier.
• Controlling the temperature – Growing Cannabis via a hydroponics setup requires the water to be at a temperature of about 65 Fahrenheit and the temperature of the air to be about 75 Fahrenheit. These temperatures allow the crop to absorb nutrients at an optimal level. In warmer climates a chiller may be required to maintain the required air temperature. Exaction chiller and process chillers are the ideal option for use in any Cannabis hydroponics set up. They are very easy to install and can even be custom made to meet the needs of the operation. A Fluxwrap is another option that is commonly used to cool reservoirs in Marijuana farms.
What is Cannabis extraction?
Cannabinoids, including CBD, CBN, and THC, that can be found in Marijuana plants need accurate cooling in order to avoid being damaged. If the temperature becomes too high then they can lose their potent aroma and even denature. In order to achieve the below freezing temperatures that are required for the Cannabinoids to separate, temperature extraction chillers, along with temperature control accessories should be used throughout the CBD and THC extraction process.
Although Cannabis plants can be grown anywhere, hence the nickname ‘Weed’, a hydroponics set up helps to speed up the process as well as maximizing yields. This is because water solution that is rich in nutrients works better than soil that is rich in nutrients.
You can learn more at North Slope Chillers.
Methods for extracting CBD
There are a number of commonly used methods for the extraction of CBD from the Cannabis plant. One such method is:
• Ice water extraction – Cannabis trimmings are placed into a container of ice, which then melts to become ice water. This is then placed into a mesh bag and the CBD extracts fall through the mesh into a container below.
Cannabis extraction chillers
The process of extracting cannabis involves the cannabinoids being isolated from the other fibers and chemicals that are inside the Marijuana plant. During the process certain liquids are softly pushed through the fibers in the plant at temperatures that are below zero. Cannabis extraction chillers are specially designed to keep temperatures constant, as well as removing heat in order to ensure a yield that is of the highest quality.
What are the benefits of a Cannabis extraction solution?
An effective and robust Cannabis extraction solution is easy to both install and use, and will result in higher levels of THC and CBD in the crop, terpenes being maintained, and most importantly less waste.